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Onset of synchronization in complex networks of noisy oscillators
Citation key Sonnenschein2012
Author Sonnenschein, B., and Schimansky-Geier, L.
Year 2012
DOI 10.1103/PhysRevE.85.051116
Journal Phys. Rev. E
Volume 85
Number 5
Month May
Abstract We study networks of noisy phase oscillators whose nodes are characterized by random degrees counting the number of their connections. Both these degrees and the natural frequencies of the oscillators are distributed according to a given probability density. Replacing the randomly connected network by an all-to-all coupled network with weighted edges allows us to formulate the dynamics of a single oscillator coupled to the mean field and to derive the corresponding Fokker-Planck equation. From the latter we calculate the critical coupling strength for the onset of synchronization as a function of the noise intensity, the frequency distribution, and the first two moments of the degree distribution. Our approach is applied to a dense small-world network model, for which we calculate the degree distribution. Numerical simulations prove the validity of the replacement. We also test the applicability to more sparsely connected networks and formulate homogeneity and absence of correlations in the degree distribution as limiting factors of our approach.
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